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The Global Importance of Amazon Natural Resources

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Importance of amazon rainforest

Postby Mogul В» 03.08.2019

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David Sirota, a political commentator who writes speeches for Bernie Sanders, put the problem like this in a tweet : "We're all on a spaceship hurtling through a vacuum.

The Amazon rainforest is our spaceship's life support system. Our spaceship's life support system is on fire. It's a fitting analogy, since the Amazon plays a major role in many of the processes that make our planet habitable: water cycles, weather patterns, and the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Scientists see potential for new medicines in unstudied Amazon plants.

The more than 2. But deforestation threatens all of that. That process would release billions of tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and raise global temperatures. A man works in a burning tract of Amazon jungle as it is being cleared by loggers and farmers in Iranduba, Amazonas state, Brazil August 20, Plants and trees take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen back into the air through the process of photosynthesis.

Researchers have calculated that the Amazon holds up to billion tons of carbon dioxide — the equivalent of 14 decades' worth of human emissions. Fires aside, deforestation in the Amazon already releases half a billion tons of carbon dioxide each year, according to WWF. Last month, the Amazon saw record-breaking rates of deforestation, primarily due to infrastructure projects , logging, mining, and farming — much of which is not legal.

Data from Brazilian satellites have indicated that about three football fields' worth of Amazonian trees are falling every minute. A report from the World Resources Institute WRI found that tropical deforestation disrupts the water cycle so much that it can threaten agriculture halfway around the globe. The Amazon plays a large role in rain patterns because the moisture that its vegetation traps and releases travels as clouds for thousands of miles.

Climate models show that the Amazon's moisture affects rainfall as far away as the US. For that reason, large-scale deforestation in the Amazon can "pose a substantial risk to agriculture in key breadbaskets halfway around the world in parts of the US, India, and China," according to the WRI report.

Villagers from the Rumao Island community paddle their canoes loaded with arapaima or pirarucu, the largest freshwater fish species in South America, while fishing in the Solimoes river, one of the main tributaries of the Amazon, in the Mamiraua nature reserve, November 24, Changes in the ocean's balance of fresh water and salt water can slow down or speed up ocean currents , which regulate weather across the globe.

But scientists aren't yet sure how changes in the Amazon River would affect this complicated meteorological system. Degradation of the rainforest could also affect the biology of the Atlantic Ocean in unknown ways, since the Amazon River dumps debris from the forest into the Atlantic , and those nutrients feed phytoplankton that form the base of the ocean's food chain.

Brazilian researchers inspect plants in the search for new cancer drugs in Sao Sebastiao de Cuieiras in Brazil's Amazon rainforest, October 30, A new species is discovered in the Amazon every two or three days.

People have used Amazonian plants to produce anti-cancer drugs and the first anti-malarial drug, quinine. Yet scientists estimate that they have only studied 0. A rainbow is seen over a tract of Amazon rainforest which has been cleared by loggers and farmers for agriculture, near Uruara, Brazil on April 22, The rich array of species in the Amazon are crucial to the rainforest's other functions , too.

The South American trees that absorb the most carbon dioxide rely on large birds and primates to eat their fruits and spread the large seeds inside, according to a recent WWF report. Thick vines also hold up the structures of the trees whose leaves send water vapor into the atmosphere. And a variety of animals pollinate forest plants, disperse seeds, and nourish the soil with their waste.

Account icon An icon in the shape of a person's head and shoulders. It often indicates a user profile. Login Subscribe Subscribe. My Account. World globe An icon of the world globe, indicating different international options. Morgan McFall-Johnsen. Record-breaking fires have hit the Amazon rainforest this year, most of which were lit by people clearing land for farming. If too much of the Amazon disappears, that could put the rainforest on an irreversible path towards becoming a savannah.

It's also one of our best tools for keeping heat-trapping carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere. Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.

Why are rainforests important?, time: 1:49
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Re: importance of amazon rainforest

Postby Meztikazahn В» 03.08.2019

The Importannce River is the second longest river in the world, next to the Nile. World globe An icon of the world globe, indicating different international options. Bushfire emergency Australia is recovering from a nationwide bushfire emergency.

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Re: importance of amazon rainforest

Postby Dorg В» 03.08.2019

Login Subscribe Subscribe. But when trees rainfotest logged and the forest is burned, that carbon is released into the atmosphere at alarming rates. All of more info species and thousands more could be lost if the Amazon rainforest were to collapse. As plants in the Amazon photosynthesize, they create their own weather. Biodiversity along the Amazon River and its surrounding wetlands is incredibly rich.

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Re: importance of amazon rainforest

Postby Fekazahn В» 03.08.2019

Please Donate Our work is only possible with your click. Thanks to WWF supporters he received treatment by specialis Gold is found at the base of the Andes where millions of years of sedimentary runoff have accumulated small deposits. This phenomenon doesn't just impact weather in the Amazon. Yet scientists estimate that they have only studied 0.

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